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KCSE Physics Paper 2 – 2015 KCSE Ikutha Sub-County Joint Examination

KCSE Physics Paper 2 – 2015 KCSE Ikutha Sub-County Joint Examination

2015 KCSE Ikutha Sub-County Joint Examination

Physics Paper 2

SECTION A (25 Marks)

Answer ALL the questions in this section in the spaces provided.

1.

Differentiate between nuclear fission and nuclear fusion as used in the study of physics.
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 2 marks

2.

The diagram below shows an electrical appliance connected to the mains.
Physics Paper 2 Question Paper - 2015 KCSE Ikutha Sub-County Joint Examination
Name the colour for the leads A, B and C and state the purpose of the fuse.
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 3 marks

3.

The figure below shows a circuit diagram for a photocell.
Physics Paper 2 Question Paper - 2015 KCSE Ikutha Sub-County Joint Examination
State the variation in the UV-light that will cause a decrease in the reading of the millimeter. (1 mark)
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 1 marks

4.

Diagram (a) below shows the position of the bright spot on the screen of a C.R.O when there is no
signal on both Y and X- plate. Indicate on the diagram (b) when the Y-plate is connected to a.c signal
and for (c) the X- plate is connected to a d.c signal i.e. the display on the screen.

Physics Paper 2 Question Paper - 2015 KCSE Ikutha Sub-County Joint Examination

 3 marks

5.

Using the band theory, differentiate between conductor and a semi-conductor .
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 1 marks

6.

The following is a decay series of Uranium 238.

Physics Paper 2 Question Paper - 2015 KCSE Ikutha Sub-County Joint Examination

Determine the value of x and y.
x ________________________________________________
y ________________________________________________

 2 marks

7.

A girl stands 2m in front of a plane mirror, the mirror is then moved 0.6m away from the girl.
Determine the distance from the first position of the image to the second position of the image.

 2 marks

8.

What is the ‘direction of the magnetic field’ at a point in the field?
____________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________

 1 marks

9.

State with a reason which type of reflector would be preferred for:
a) Underground parking area (1 mark)
___________________________________________________________________________________
b) Solar concentrators (1 mark)
___________________________________________________________________________________

 2 marks

10.

Polarization and local action are the common defects in a simple cell. How are these defects minimized in the cell?
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 2 marks

11.

A man standing at the middle of two parallel walls fires a gun. He hears an echo after 1.5 seconds.
Determine the distance of separation of the walls. (Velocity of sound is 340m/s)

 2 marks

12.

A highly negatively charged rod is brought slowly towards the cap of a positively charged leaf
electroscope. It is observed that the leaf initially collapses and then diverges.
Explain the observations.
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 2 marks

13.

The figure below shows ray B1 incident through a glass block to air interface.
Physics Paper 2 Question Paper - 2015 KCSE Ikutha Sub-County Joint Examination
B2 is the emergent ray of B1. Determine the refractive index of the glass block.

 2 marks

SECTION B (55 Marks)

Answer ALL the questions

14.

a) What is meant by the term ‘photoelectric effect?’ (1 mark)
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
b) State any two factors that affect photoelectric effect. (1 mark)
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
c) The graph below shows stopping potential plotted against frequency, f.

Physics Paper 2 Question Paper - 2015 KCSE Ikutha Sub-County Joint Examination
From the graph determine:
i) Planks constant. (3 marks)

ii) Work function (2 marks)

d) A metal surface has a work function of 4.85eV. Calculate the maximum kinetic energy in joules
of the electrons emitted when the metal is irradiated with uv light of frequency 1.75×1015Hz
(3 marks)

 10 marks

15.

a) i) Explain why Carbon Physics Paper 2 Question Paper - 2015 KCSE Ikutha Sub-County Joint Examination is radioactive while Carbon Physics Paper 2 Question Paper - 2015 KCSE Ikutha Sub-County Joint Examination𝐶is not. (1 mark)
____________________________________________________________________________________
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ii) A radioactive isotope showed a count rate of 82 counts per second initially. After a time
of 210 seconds, the count rate dropped to 19 counts per second. The average background
count remained constant at 10 counts per second. What is the half-life of the material?
(2 marks)

b) The figure below shows features of a diffusion cloud chamber used for detecting radiations from a
radioactive source.
Physics Paper 2 Question Paper - 2015 KCSE Ikutha Sub-County Joint Examination
Explain how the chamber works when a radioactive particle is introduced at the source.
(2 marks)
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
c) i) What is the purpose of solid carbon (IV) oxide. (1 mark)
___________________________________________________________________________________
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ii) State one advantage of the cloud chamber over a G.M tube as a detector of radioactive
radiations. (1 mark)
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___________________________________________________________________________________
d) i) Using a diagram, explain how doping produces a p-type semi-conductor. (3 marks)

ii) What is biasing? (1 mark)
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iii) The diagram below shows a circuit with a p-n junction and a very low power bulb.
Physics Paper 2 Question Paper - 2015 KCSE Ikutha Sub-County Joint Examination
State with reason the observations made on the bulb when the switch is closed. (2 marks)
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 13 marks

16.

Some plane water waves were produced in a ripple tank. They pass from a region of deep water into a
region of shallow water. The figure shows what the waves look like from above.

Physics Paper 2 Question Paper - 2015 KCSE Ikutha Sub-County Joint Examination
a) State what happens at the boundary to:
i) The frequency of the waves. (1 mark)
___________________________________________________________________________________
ii) The speed of the waves. (1 mark)
___________________________________________________________________________________
iii) The wavelength of the waves. (1 mark)
___________________________________________________________________________________
b) The waves have a speed of 0.12ms-1 in the deep water wave crests are 0.08m apart in deep water.
Calculate the frequency of the source producing the waves. (2 marks)

c) Arrange the following electromagnetic waves in order of their increasing wavelength.
X-rays, gamma rays, ultra violet, visible light, infrared and microwaves. (2 marks)
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
d) Study the circuit below:

Physics Paper 2 Question Paper - 2015 KCSE Ikutha Sub-County Joint Examination
i) Determine the combined resistance of the circuit. (2 marks)
ii) Determine the current flowing in the circuit. (2 marks)

 11 marks

17.

a) The figure below shows a section a flexible wire carrying current perpendicularly out of the paper.
The wire moves in the direction shown as current passes through it.

Physics Paper 2 Question Paper - 2015 KCSE Ikutha Sub-County Joint Examination
i) Label the polarities of the magnets A and B. (1 mark)
ii) Explain the behaviour of the flexible wire. (2 marks)
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___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

b) The figure below shows an induction coil used to step-up voltage.
Physics Paper 2 Question Paper - 2015 KCSE Ikutha Sub-County Joint Examination
i) State the difference between the induction coil and a step-up transformer. (1 mark)
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___________________________________________________________________________________
ii) Explain how voltage is stepped up by the induction coil. (3 marks)
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iii) The voltage is stepped up from 12V to 15kV. Determine the ratio of the secondary to primary coils
in the induction coil. (1 mark)
iv) The function of the capacitor is to eliminate sparking at the contacts. State why sparking occurs at
the contacts. (1 mark)
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v) State how the capacitor eliminates sparking. (1 mark)
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

 10 marks

18.

. a) X-rays are used for detecting cracks inside metal beams.
i) State the type of the x-rays used. (1 mark)
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ii) Give a reason for your answer in (i) above. (1 mark)
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b) Figure 4 shows the features of an x-rays tube.
Physics Paper 2 Question Paper - 2015 KCSE Ikutha Sub-County Joint Examination
High p.d
i) Name the parts labelled A and B. (1 mark)
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___________________________________________________________________________________
ii) Explain how a change in potential across PQ changes the intensity of the x-rays produced in the tube.
(2 marks)
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___________________________________________________________________________________
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iii)During the operation of the tube, the target becomes very hot. Explain how this heat is caused.
(2 marks)
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___________________________________________________________________________________
iv)What property of lead makes it suitable for use as shielding material? (1 mark)
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

c) In a certain x-ray tube, the electrons are accelerated by a pd of 12000V. Assuming all the energy
goes to produce x-rays, determine the frequency of the x-rays produced.
(Planks constant h = 6.62 × 10−34 J and charge of an electron, e = 1.6 × 10−19 C) (3 marks)

 11 marks

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