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KNEC KCSE Biology Paper 2 – 2015 – Machakos County Trial

KNEC KCSE Biology Paper 2 – 2015 – Machakos County Trial

2015 KCSE Machakos County Trial

Biology Paper 2

SECTION A (40 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section


(a) Name the organelles that perform each of the following functions in a cell. (4 marks)
(i) Synthesis of proteins
(ii) Transport cell secretions
(iii) Destroy old and worn out organelles or even the entire cell.
(iv) Package and transport glycoproteins.
(b) Using a light microscope, a student counted 55 cells across a field of view whose diameter was 6000µm.
Calculate the average length of the cells. Show your working. (3 marks)
(c) Why is it recommended to keep the stage of the microscope dry. (1 mark)

 8 marks


In a certain plant species which is normally green, a recessive gene for colour (n) causes the plant to be white when present in a homozygous state. Such plants die at early age. In heterozygous state, the plants are pale green in colour but grow to maturity.
(a) Suggest a reason for the early death of plants with homozygous recessive gene. (2 marks)
(b) If a normal green plant was crossed with a pale green plant, what would be the genotype of the F1 generation?
(Show your working) (3 marks)
(c) If seeds from the heterozygous plants were planted and the resulting plants allowed to self pollinate. Workout the phenotypic ratio of the plants that would grow to maturity. (2 marks)
(d) Give an explanation for occurrence of the pale green colour in heterozygous plants. (1 mark)

 8 marks


The diagram below represents a state in cell division. Study it and answer the questions below.

Biology Paper 2 Question Paper - 2015 KCSE Machakos County Trial
(a) Name the stage of cell division illustrated in the diagram above. (1 mark)
(b) Name the parts labelled A, B and C (3 marks)
(c) State THREE differences between mitosis and meiosis. (3 marks)
(d) Name the process during which the exchange of genetic materials occur at prophase 1 of meiosis. (1 mark)

 8 marks


(a) Describe how the quadrant method can be used to estimate the population of various species of plants in a given habitat. (3 marks)
(b) To estimate the population size of beetles in an ecosystem, traps were laid at random. 400 beetles were caught, marked and released back into the ecosystem. A week later traps were laid again and 374 beetles were caught. Out of the 374 beettles, 80 were found to have been marked.
(i) Calculate the population size of the beetles in the ecosystem. (2 marks)
(ii) State TWO assumptions that were made during the investigation. (2 marks)
(c) What is the name given to this method of estimating the population size? (1 mark)

 8 marks


The table below shows the approximate distribution of blood groups in a sample of 100 people in a population.

Blood group Frequency Rhesus +ve Rhesus -ve
A 26 22 4
B 20 18 2
AB 4 3 1
O 50 43 8

(a) Calculate the percentage of Rhesus negative (Rh-ve) individuals in the population? (1 mark)
(b) Account for
(i) The large number of blood group O individuals in a population. (2 marks)
(ii) The small number of individuals with blood group AB. (2 marks)

(c) The diagram below represents a blood smear on a glass slide.

Biology Paper 2 Question Paper - 2015 KCSE Machakos County Trial
(i) State the importance of structure C being large numbers in the blood smear. (1 mark)
(ii) Give a reason why structure C would be found in large numbers in high altitude than in low altitude. (1 mark)
(iii) Name the process by which structure A would engulf structure B. (1 mark)

 8 marks

SECTION B (40 Marks)

Answer question 6 (compulsory) and either question 7 or 8 in the spaces provided.


An experiment was carried out to investigate transpiration and absorption of water in sunflower plants in their natural environment with adequate supply of water. The amount of water was determined in two hour intervals. The results are shown in the table below.

Time of day Amount of water in grammes
Amount of water in grammes
0100- 0300

(a) Using the same axes, plot graphs to show transpiration and absorption of water in grammes against time of the day.
(7 marks)
(b) At what time of the day was the amount of water the same for transpiration and absorption. (1 Mark)
(c) Account for the shape of the graph of
(i) Transpiration (3marks)
(ii) Absorption (3marks)
(d) What would happen to transpiration and absorption of water if the experiment was continued till 0050 hours.(2 marks)
(e) Name two factors that may affect transpiration and absorption at any given time. (2 marks)
(f) Explain how the factors you named in (e) above affect transpiration. (2marks)

 20 marks


Describe the
(i) Process of inhalation in mammals (10 marks)
(ii) Mechanism of opening and closing of stomata (10 marks)

 20 marks


How is the human eye adapted to its functions

 20 marks

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