## KNEC KCSE Mathematics Paper 1 Question Paper / 2015 KCSE Starehe Boys Centre Mock

### 2015 KCSE Starehe Boys Centre Mock

#### Mathematics Paper 1

### SECTION A (50 Marks)

**Answer ALL questions from this section**

Without using calculators evaluate ^{1}/_{3} of (2¾ – 5½) x 3^{6}/_{7} ÷ ^{9}/_{4}

2 marks

Use the method of completing the square to solve the quadratic equation

2×2 – 13x + 15 = 0

3 marks

Solve for θ in the equation 6cos2 θ – Sin θ – 4 = 0 in the range 0o < θ < 180o.

3 marks

The sides of a rectangle are x cm and (x + 1) cm. A circle has radius of (x + 2) cm. If the sum of the area of the rectangle and the circle is 184 cm2. Using π as 227 find the value of x.

4 marks

Use binomial expansion to evaluate 2+12+2-12

3 marks

A line L1 passes through point (1, 2) and has a gradient of 5. Another line L2 is perpendicular to L1 and meets it at a point where x = 4. Find the equation for L2 in the form y = mx + c.

4 marks

Find the value of x in the following equation.

9x+32x-1=53

3 marks

The first and the last terms of an AP are 2 and 59 respectively. If the sum of the series is 610, find the number of terms in the series and the common difference.

4 marks

The equation of a circle is 2×2+2y2+12x-20y-4=0 . Determine the coordinates of the centre of the circle and state its radius.

3 marks

Make b the subject of the formula a=bdb2-d

3 marks

Solve the inequality 3-2x≤x≤2x+53 and show the solution on the number line.

4 marks

Solve for x given that log25x-log42x=3

3 marks

A salesman earns a basic salary of sh. 9,000 per month. In addition he is also paid a commission of 5% for sales above sh. 15,000. In a certain month he sold goods worth sh. 120,000 at a discount of 2½%. Calculate his total earnings that month.

3 marks

A small cone of height 8 cm is cut off from a bigger cone to leave a frustum of height 16 cm. If the volume of the smaller cone is 160 cm3, find the volume of the frustum.

3 marks

Vector OP = 6i + j and OQ = -2i + 5j. A point N divides PQ internally in the ratio 3:1. Find PN in terms of i and j.

3 marks

Without using mathematical tables or calculators express in surd form and simplify

1+cos30o1-sin60o

3 marks

### SECTION B (50 Marks)

**Answer any five questions in this section**

In the figure below, vector OP = p and OR = r. OS = 2r and OQ : OP = 3 : 2

(a) Express the following vectors in terms of p and r.

(i) QR

(ii) PS

(b) The lines QR and PS intersect at K. By expressing OK in two different ways, find the ratio PK : KS

10 marks

On the graph paper provided, plot the triangle

(a) whose co-ordinates are A(1, 2) B(5, 4) and C(2, 6) {1 mark}

(b) On the same axes

(i) Draw the image A1B1C1 of ABC under a rotation of 90o clockwise about origin. {2 marks}

(ii) Draw the image A11B11C11 of A1B1C1 under a reflection in the line y = -x. State the

coordinates of A11B11C11. {3 marks}

(c)A111B111C111 is the image of A11B11C11 under the reflection in the line x = 0. Draw the image A111B111C111 and state its coordinates. {2 marks}

(d) Describe a single transformation that mapsA111B111C111 onto ABC.

10 marks

A bus left Kitale at 10.45 a.m and travelled towards Nairobi at an average speed of 60 km/h. A Nissan left Kitale on the same day at 1.15 p.m and travelled along the same road at an average speed of 100 km/h. The distance between Kitale and Nairobi is 500 km.

(a) Determine the time of the day when the Nissan overtook the bus. {6 marks}

(b) Both vehicles continued towards Nairobi at their original speed. Find how long the Nissan had to wait in Nairobi before the bus arrived. {4 marks}

10 marks

The table below shows how income tax was charged in a certain year.

(Kenya pounds) | (Ksh. per Kenya pound) |

1 – 3630 | 2 |

3631 – 7260 | 3 |

7261 – 10890 | 4 |

10891 – 14520 | 5 |

14521 – 18150 | 6 |

18151 – 21780 | 7 |

21781 and above | 7.5 |

During the year Mwadime earned a basic salary of Ksh. 25,200 and a house allowance of Ksh. 12,600 per month. He was entitled to a personal tax relief of Ksh. 1,162 per month.

(a) Calculate:

(i) Mwadime’s taxable income in Kenya pounds per annum. {2 marks}

(ii) The net tax he pays per month. {6 marks}

(b) Apart from income tax he also contributes monthly NHIF Ksh. 1600, WCPS Ksh. 1000. Calculate his net monthly pay. {2 marks}

10 marks

X, Y and Z are three quantities such that X varies directly as the square of Y and inversely as the square root of Z.

(a) Given that X = 18 when Y = 3 and Z = 4, find X when Y = 6 and Z = 16. {5 marks}

(b) If Y increases by 10% and Z decreases by 19%, find the percentage increase in X. {5 marks}

10 marks

(a) A port B is on a bearing 080o from a port A and a distance of 95 km. A Submarine is stationed at a port D, which is on a bearing of 200o from A, and a distance of 124 km from B. A ship leaves B and moves directly Southwards to an Island P, which is on a bearing of 140o from A. The Submarine at D on realizing that the ship was heading to the Island P, decides to head straight for the Island to intercept the ship. Using a scale of 1 cm to represent 10 km, make a scale drawing showing the relative positions of A, B, D and P. {4 marks}

Hence find:

(b) The distance from A to D. {2 marks}

(c) The bearing o the Submarine from the ship when the ship was setting off from B. {1 mark}

(d) The bearing of the Island P from D. {1 mark}

(e) The distance the Submarine had to cover to reach the Island P. {2 marks}

10 marks

The data below represent the heights taken to the nearest centimeters of 40 lemon trees in a garden. (NB: A = Assumed mean)

Height (cm) | f | X | d = x – A | fd | d2 | fd2 |

131 – 140 | 3 | |||||

141 – 150 | 4 | |||||

151 – 160 | 7 | |||||

161 – 170 | 11 | |||||

171 – 180 | 9 | |||||

181 – 190 | 5 | |||||

191 – 200 | 1 |

(a) Complete the table. {6 marks}

(b) Using 165.5 as the assumed mean, calculate the mean height. {2 marks}

(c) Calculate the standard deviation of the distribution. {2 marks}

10 marks

The line segment BC = 7.5 cm long is one side of triangle ABC.

(a) Use a ruler and compasses only to complete the construction of triangle ABC in which

∠ABC = 45o, AC = 5.6 cm and angle BAC is obtuse. {3 marks}

(b) Draw the locus of a point P such that P is equidistant from a point O and passes through the vertices of triangle ABC. {3 marks}

(c) Locate point D on the locus of P equidistant from lines BC and BO. Q lies in the region enclosed by lines BD, BO extended and the locus of P. Shade the locus of Q. {4 marks}