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# KNEC KCSE Physics Paper 2 – 2014 Nakuru District Mock

## KNEC KCSE Physics Paper 2 – 2014 Nakuru District Mock

### SECTION A (25 Marks)

Answer all questions from this section in the spaces provided.

1.

Figure1 shows two plane mirrors inclined at an angle x from each other.

A viewer counts a total of seven images by looking directly from the object O. Determine the
value of x.

2 marks

2.

Figure 2 shows two spherical materials one an insulator while the other a conductor.
Negative charges are introduced at point A by contact method in each case.

On the same figure indicate the final position of the charges. Explain your answer.

2 marks

3.

Two capacitors of capacitance 2µF and 1µF are connected in parallel. A potential
difference of 3V is applied across them. Find the energy stored in the combination

3 marks

4.

A girl shouts and hears an echo after 0.6 second later from a cliff. If velocity of sound is
330m/s. calculate the distance between her and the cliff.

3 marks

5.

In the circuit diagram shown in figure 3, the lamps are identical and cells are also
identical.

State with reason, in which circuit the lamp will be lit for a longer period.

2 marks

6.

Figure 4 shows how rays from a distant and near object are focused inside a human eye
with a certain defect.

Name the defect and state the cause of this defect.

2 marks

7.

Two pins are hanging from a magnet as shown in the figure 5
Explain why the pins do not hang vertically downwards.

1 marks

8.

State the necessary conditions for stationary waves to be generated.

2 marks

9.

The speed of yellow light in the prism is 1.88×108m/s. Determine the refractive index of
the glass prism material. (Speed of light in vacuum C= 3.0×108m/s)

2 marks

10.

A 2.5 kW immersion heater is used to heat water. Calculate the operating voltage at the
heater if its resistance is 24.

3 marks

11.

Arrange the following in order of increasing frequency

1 marks

12.

Distinguish between a fuse and the earth wire.

2 marks

### SECTION B (55 Marks)

Answer all questions from this section in the spaces provided.

13.

(a) State Ohm’s law (1mk)
(b) An electrician installed electric wiring in a house and connected the bulbs and the
switches as shown in figure 6.

State what happens when switch;
(i) S1 only is closed (1mk)
(ii) S1 and S3 only are closed (1mk)

(C) Figure 7 shows a circuit.

Calculate
(i) The total resistance of the circuit (2mk)
(ii) The total current flowing in the circuit (2mk)
(iii) The voltage drop across R1 (2mk)

11 marks

14.

The following graph shows the variation of image distance, V, with magnification, M, for
a converging lens.

Using the graph and the equation v/f =M + 1 to determine:
(i) The object position when the image position is 45cm (3 marks)
(ii) The focal length of the lens (2 marks)

(iii) The power of the lens. (2 marks)

7 marks

15.

(a)(i) State one cause of energy losses in a transformer and explain how it can be
minimized. (2mks)
(ii)Describe briefly the energy changes involved in the generation of electrical energy at
a hydropower station (2mks)
(iii)What are the advantages of transmitting power at:
(I) Very high voltages (1mk)
(II) Alternating voltage (1mk)

(b)(i) Explain how electrons are produced in a cathode ray oscilloscope (CRO) (2 mk
(ii) State two functions of the anodes in a CRO. (2mks)
(iii) At what part of the cathode ray oscilloscope would the time base be connected
( 1mk)
(iv) State why the tube is highly evacuated (1mk)

12 marks

16.

(a)(i) An x-ray tube is operating with an anode potential of 50kV. Calculate: the
maximum speed of an electron(Charge of an electron is 1.6×10-19 C mass of an electron is
9.1×10-31kg) (3mks)
(ii) A faulty X-ray tube generates X-rays of higher intensity than required. State what

(iv) Distinguish between hard and soft X-rays (2mk)
(v) Explain the effect of exposing a patient to X-rays for too long (1mk)
(b)(i)What is meant by the term work function? (2mk)
ii) The work function of a certain material is 3.2eV. Determine the threshold
frequency for the material. (1 electron Volt (eV) = 1.6×10-19J and planks constant=
6.62×10-34Js) (3mks)

11 marks

17.

(a)Study figure 8 and answer the following questions.

i) State the charge on plate X (1mk)
ii) Identify the radiation A and B
A——————————————- (1mk)
B——————————————– (1mk)
iii) A nuclear reaction is represented by the following equation
→ + ℎ
Determine the values of a and b (2mks)

(vi) A radioactive source has an activity of 810 c/s and after 63hours the count rate
falls to 110c/s. If the background count is 10c/s, determine the half-life of the
source (3mks)
(b) (i) Draw using appropriate symbols the circuit diagram of a junction diode in
reverse bias (1mk)
ii) Extrinsic semiconductors are made through a process called doping. Explain how
doping produces an n-type semi-conductor (2mks)
iii) Distinguish between a semiconductor and a conductors (2mks)

13 marks