Uganda Population

Uganda Population

40 300 538
Current population
20 147 952
Current male population (50.0%)
20 152 587
Current female population (50.0%)
857 777
Births this year
2 867
Births today
201 091
Deaths this year
672
Deaths today
-16 299
Net migration this year
-54
Net migration today
640 387
Population growth this year
2 140
Population growth today

Source : United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Population Division external link .

 

See also:

Uganda EconomyWorld population clock

China Population

India Population

 

Population of Uganda 2015

As of 1 January 2016, the population of Uganda was estimated to be 39 660 151 people. This is an increase of 3.26 % (1 252 474 people) compared to population of 38 407 677 the year before. In 2015 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 1 284 353. Due to external migration, the population declined by 31 878. The sex ratio of the total population was 1.000 (1 000 males per 1 000 females) which is lower than global sex ratio. The global sex ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2015. See also map of the world by sex ratio of total population.

Below are the key figures for Uganda population in 2015:

  • 1 677 647 live births
  • 393 295 deaths
  • Natural increase: 1 284 353 people
  • Net migration: -31 878 people
  • 19 827 795 males as of 31 December 2015
  • 19 832 356 females as of 31 December 2015

Uganda population 2016

During 2016 Uganda population is projected to increased by 1 293 318 people and reach 40 953 469 in the beginning of 2017. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 1 326 235. If external migration will remain on the previous year level, the population will be declined by 32 918 due to the migration reasons. It means that the number of people who leave Uganda to settle permanently in another country (emigrants) will prevail over the number of people who move into the country (to which they are not native) in order to settle there as permanent residents (immigrants).

Population dynamics in 2016

According to our estimations, daily change rates of Uganda population in 2016 will be the following:

  • 4 746 live births average per day (197.76 in a hour)
  • 1 113 deaths average per day (46.36 in a hour)
  • -90 emigrants average per day (-3.76 in a hour)

The population of Uganda will be increased by 3 543 persons daily in 2016.

 

Uganda population density

Uganda population density is 164.5 people per square kilometer as of July 2016. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Uganda divided by total area of the country. Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Uganda. The total area of Uganda is 241 040 km2 according to the United Nations Statistics Division

Uganda age structure

As of the beginning of 2016 according to our estimates Uganda had the following population age distribution:

49.9 48.1 2.1
– percentage of population under 15
– percentage of population between 15 and 64 years old
– percentage of population 65+

In absolute figures (estimate):

  • 19 773 758 young people under 15 years old ( 9 959 854 males / 9 813 508 females)
  • 19 065 824 persons between 15 and 64 years old ( 9 606 085 males / 9 459 343 females)
  • 820 965 persons above 64 years old ( 333 938 males / 486 630 females)

We prepared a simplified model of the population distribution pyramid which is broken down into 3 main age groups. The groups are the same as we used above: population under 15, between 15 and 64 and population which is over 65 year old.

65+
15-64
0-14
male female

Note: The pyramid provided is not corresponding to data given above because the age groups have different number of years.

As we can see the Uganda population pyramid has an expanding type. This type of pyramid is common for developing countries with high birth and death rates. Relatively short life expectancy, as well as low level of education and poor health care are also describe such kind of population age distribution model.

Source: The estimation data for section “Uganda age structure” is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio of population is a ratio of people who are generally not in the labor force (the dependents) to workforce of a country (the productive part of population). The dependent part includes the population under 15 years old and people aged 65 and over. The productive part of population accordingly consists of population between 15 and 64 years.

This ratio shows the pressure on productive population produced by the dependent part of population.

The total dependency ratio of population in Uganda is 108 %.

As we can see the dependent part of population is comparable to the working part. It means that each working person in Uganda must provide goods for himself and cover expenditure on one child or aged person additionally. The value of 108 % shows that the pressure on productive population in Uganda is very high.

Child dependency ratio

Child dependency ratio is a ratio of people below working age (under 15) to workforce of a country.

Child dependency ratio in Uganda is 103.7 %.

Aged dependency ratio

Aged dependency ratio is a ratio of people above working age (65+) to workforce of a country.

Aged dependency ratio in Uganda is 4.3 %.

Source: The estimation data for section “Uganda age dependency ratio” is based on the latest demographic and social statistics by United Nations Statistics Division external link.

Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is one of the most important demographic indicator. It shows the number of years a newborn infant would live assuming that birth and death rates will remain at the same level during the whole lifetime.

Total life expectancy (both sexes) at birth for Uganda is 53.2 years.
This is below the average life expectancy at birth of the global population which is about 71 years (according to Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations).

Male life expectancy at birth is 52.2 years.
Female life expectancy at birth is 54.3 years.

Literacy of population

According to our estimates 14 689 469 persons or 73.87% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in Uganda are able to read and write. Accordingly about 5 196 527 adults are illiterate.

Literacy rate for adult male population is 80.85% (8 036 409 persons). 1 903 614 are illiterate.
Literacy rate for adult female population is 66.89% (6 653 060 persons). 3 292 913 are illiterate.

Youth literacy rates are 87.43% and 86.57% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 87%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.

Source: The estimation data for section “Uganda population literacy” is based on the latest data published by UNESCO Institute for Statistics (retrieved March 13, 2016) external link.

Uganda historical population (1951 – 2016)

The data is given as of 1st of January of an year.

19511955195919631967197119751979198319871991199519992003200720112015010,000,00020,000,00030,000,00040,000,000historical population1978Uganda historical population:11,644,346

Year Uganda historical population
1951 5,233,433
1952 5,382,107
1953 5,528,392
1954 5,674,726
1955 5,823,521
1956 5,977,176
1957 6,138,073
1958 6,308,541
1959 6,490,779
1960 6,686,657
1961 6,897,420
1962 7,123,392
1963 7,363,783
1964 7,616,796
1965 7,880,279
1966 8,153,562
1967 8,436,690
1968 8,726,749
1969 9,017,820
1970 9,304,399
1971 9,583,195
1972 9,854,343
1973 10,122,332
1974 10,394,985
1975 10,680,349
1976 10,983,422
1977 11,305,257
1978 11,644,346
1979 11,997,814
1980 12,362,716
1981 12,737,381
1982 13,122,578
1983 13,522,788
1984 13,945,321
1985 14,397,152
1986 14,882,415
1987 15,401,009
1988 15,948,028
1989 16,515,018
1990 17,093,314
1991 17,678,899
1992 18,272,478
1993 18,874,594
1994 19,484,463
1995 20,102,117
1996 20,727,218
1997 21,360,483
1998 22,008,155
1999 22,681,585
2000 23,391,997
2001 24,146,152
2002 24,945,231
2003 25,786,777
2004 26,666,251
2005 27,578,578
2006 28,521,669
2007 29,496,442
2008 30,503,193
2009 31,540,776
2010 32,608,271
2011 33,704,880
2012 34,830,481
2013 35,987,004
2014 37,178,179
2015 38,407,677
2016 39,660,151

Growth Rate 1952 – 2016

19521955195819611964196719701973197619791982198519881991199419972000200320062009201220152.42.73.03.33.6Growth Rate %

Year Growth Rate
1952 2.84
1953 2.72
1954 2.65
1955 2.62
1956 2.64
1957 2.69
1958 2.78
1959 2.89
1960 3.02
1961 3.15
1962 3.28
1963 3.37
1964 3.44
1965 3.46
1966 3.47
1967 3.47
1968 3.44
1969 3.34
1970 3.18
1971 3
1972 2.83
1973 2.72
1974 2.69
1975 2.75
1976 2.84
1977 2.93
1978 3
1979 3.04
1980 3.04
1981 3.03
1982 3.02
1983 3.05
1984 3.12
1985 3.24
1986 3.37
1987 3.48
1988 3.55
1989 3.56
1990 3.5
1991 3.43
1992 3.36
1993 3.3
1994 3.23
1995 3.17
1996 3.11
1997 3.06
1998 3.03
1999 3.06
2000 3.13
2001 3.22
2002 3.31
2003 3.37
2004 3.41
2005 3.42
2006 3.42
2007 3.42
2008 3.41
2009 3.4
2010 3.38
2011 3.36
2012 3.34
2013 3.32
2014 3.31
2015 3.31
2016 3.26

Uganda population history

Year Population Growth Rate
1951 5 233 433 N/A %
1952 5 382 107 2.84 %
1953 5 528 392 2.72 %
1954 5 674 726 2.65 %
1955 5 823 521 2.62 %
1956 5 977 176 2.64 %
1957 6 138 073 2.69 %
1958 6 308 541 2.78 %
1959 6 490 779 2.89 %
1960 6 686 657 3.02 %
1961 6 897 420 3.15 %
1962 7 123 392 3.28 %
1963 7 363 783 3.37 %
1964 7 616 796 3.44 %
1965 7 880 279 3.46 %
1966 8 153 562 3.47 %
1967 8 436 690 3.47 %
1968 8 726 749 3.44 %
1969 9 017 820 3.34 %
1970 9 304 399 3.18 %
1971 9 583 195 3.00 %
1972 9 854 343 2.83 %
1973 10 122 332 2.72 %
1974 10 394 985 2.69 %
1975 10 680 349 2.75 %
1976 10 983 422 2.84 %
1977 11 305 257 2.93 %
1978 11 644 346 3.00 %
1979 11 997 814 3.04 %
1980 12 362 716 3.04 %
1981 12 737 381 3.03 %
1982 13 122 578 3.02 %
1983 13 522 788 3.05 %
1984 13 945 321 3.12 %
1985 14 397 152 3.24 %
1986 14 882 415 3.37 %
1987 15 401 009 3.48 %
1988 15 948 028 3.55 %
1989 16 515 018 3.56 %
1990 17 093 314 3.50 %
1991 17 678 899 3.43 %
1992 18 272 478 3.36 %
1993 18 874 594 3.30 %
1994 19 484 463 3.23 %
1995 20 102 117 3.17 %
1996 20 727 218 3.11 %
1997 21 360 483 3.06 %
1998 22 008 155 3.03 %
1999 22 681 585 3.06 %
2000 23 391 997 3.13 %
2001 24 146 152 3.22 %
2002 24 945 231 3.31 %
2003 25 786 777 3.37 %
2004 26 666 251 3.41 %
2005 27 578 578 3.42 %
2006 28 521 669 3.42 %
2007 29 496 442 3.42 %
2008 30 503 193 3.41 %
2009 31 540 776 3.40 %
2010 32 608 271 3.38 %
2011 33 704 880 3.36 %
2012 34 830 481 3.34 %
2013 35 987 004 3.32 %
2014 37 178 179 3.31 %
2015 38 407 677 3.31 %
2016 39 660 151 3.26 %

The data is given as of 1st of January of a year.

See Also

Uganda Parliament
Uganda People
Uganda Police
Uganda Politics
Uganda Population
Uganda Premier League

All Uganda Facts